Kotlin vs Scala: Which one is better for your project

Kotlin vs Scala: Which one is better for your project

Are Scala and Kotlin the only options? If this is the case, you aren’t the only one out there. In recent years, several programming languages have grown in popularity, but it’s not always clear which one is best for a given project. Scala and Kotlin will be pitted against one another in this post, and we’ll see which one is better for your project’s needs.

Scala is here to meet you.

What is Scala, and how does it differ from other programming languages?

It is a functional programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine, which is pronounced “SCAL-uh”. Scala is also a mix of object-oriented and functional programming, as can be seen in its name. What exactly does the term “object-oriented” denote? Scala may employ inheritance, polymorphism, and encapsulation because of this. Java, C++, and Javascript are also object-oriented languages. In order to maximise interoperability, Scala was intended to work with Java and other languages. Considering that Scala makes use of the same Java Virtual Machine (JVM), any Java function or method can be called from within it with no issues. Developers who want to code in one language and use the same methods in another will find this very beneficial. Following Scala and Kotlin on the list of languages that can run on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), are:

Programming in Groovy, a dynamic, scripting language

Clojure is a Lisp dialect that is both dynamic and functional.

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Is Scala worth learning?

Programming in Scala gives you the best of both worlds because it combines object-oriented and functional programming techniques in one language. Calculating function values, their compositions, and higher-order functions are all heavily emphasized in functional programming. Because of the way it implements functional programming, Scala has an OOP syntax that is quite similar to Java. In other words, you have a complete creative license when it comes to writing your code. Scala differs from other programming languages like Java and C++ because of its emphasis on functional programming. Scala’s functional approach means that your code can be cleaned up because the language is based on immutability and avoiding state mutation whenever possible. The ability to write code rapidly while avoiding errors can be gained by using this method. Functions written in Scala’s functional programming paradigm are straightforward to understand and verify. Because the code is compact, efficient, and straightforward, you can use it with both small and big teams.

Scala has a number of drawbacks.

It was on January 20th, 2004 when Scala was first introduced. A computer scientist and lecturer at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Martin Odersky invented the Scala programming language. His area of expertise is coding and programming language analysis. Scala has 88 different iterations as of this writing. Scala 3.0 is the most recent version. Developers are praising Scala 3 for its progress and for removing bugs that had plagued prior versions. However, Scala has a few flaws that developers cannot control. Because of its functional programming style and emphasis on immutability,.NET is an excellent choice for.NET development. Memory management and CPU use can be less efficient in Scala than object-oriented Java programming compared to Kotlin. As a result, state mutations are avoided yet changeable data structures are still permitted under specific circumstances. 

In addition to being tough to learn, Scala is also a significantly different language from Java. Scala’s grammar is more difficult to learn than object-oriented languages like Java or C++, so it will take you longer to get up to speed. As an object-oriented programming language that is class-based, Java is one of the most advanced programming languages on the market. Because of its long history in the technology sector, it has been around since 1995. Design, development, and management of Java-based compilations are the responsibilities of Java developers. Developers of Java are focused on always improving their skills in programming languages. Keeping the number of implementation dependencies to a minimum is key to the Java design philosophy. As a result, you can use the programme again and again without having to retype any of the information. Although Java and Scala have many similarities, Scala is distinguished from Java by having a more flexible syntax.

What are some of the applications of Scala?

A programming language that may be used to construct practically any form of application is Scala. Because of its wide range of applications in fields such as digital advertising, data analytics, and data science, as well as data processing and robotics automation (among others), Scala has been around for quite some time. Elastic Search (a real-time distributed search engine) and Twitter Storm both use Scala on Apache Spark (a hugely parallel processing engine) (distributed real-time computation system). Scala is a popular programming language because of its speed, clarity, and ease of learning, as well as its ability to write code that is less likely to have defects. This can be the ideal solution if you wish to construct complicated multi-threaded systems. Aside from Scala, there are other programming languages that can accomplish what Scala does, but none of them is quite like it. Every year, the Scala community becomes more and larger. Members of the Scala community arrange numerous Scala-related events.

Here are five examples that make use of Scala as their primary programming dialect.

Twitter, LinkedIn, and Klout are just a few of the companies that use Scala as their primary programming language. In any case, there are plenty of other instances to consider.

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Meet Kotlin, the new kid on the block.

Kotlin is a programming language. In addition to running on the Java Virtual Machine, the Kotlin programming language can also be compiled to JavaScript source code. Designed by JetBrains, the company that created Intellij IDEA and ReSharper, it is a useful tool. That’s why Kotlin is more efficient than Scala at compiling directly to bytecode; it’s more concise and performs better. On July 22nd, 2011, Kotlin’s first release was made available to the public. Founded in 2000, JetBrains is the brainchild of its developer. Software company JetBrains specializes in providing intelligent development tools. The design of Kotlin addresses several of Java’s weaknesses, such as the verbosity and null pointer exceptions. It also compiles directly to bytecode, so you don’t have to worry about interoperability difficulties while using current Java libraries. This makes Kotlin in some ways similar to Scala. Because Kotlin is still a young programming language, it lacks the maturity of more established programming languages like Java or C++. As with Scala, working with Kotlin is considerably easier because it was built by JetBrains and operates on top of the JVM languages like that Scala.

Is Kotlin worth learning?

The programming language Kotlin is excellent. It’s simple to understand and put into practice. Is Kotlin Java? Unlike Java, which is the most widely used language for Android programming, it is also more condensed (which Kotlin fully interoperates with). Kotlin’s simple syntax reduces the amount of code you have to write. Because there are fewer lines of code to learn and memorize, new developers on a project can get up and running more quickly. It’s also completely compatible with Java, which means that you may use both languages in the same project without any problems. Teams may gradually migrate their Java projects to Kotlin using Android Studio (although doing so will mean extra time spent revising existing code). In addition, because we utilize IntelliJ IDEA as our development environment, Android Studio already offers strong support for Kotlin. Just a few additional plugins are required before you can take advantage of this feature.

Cons of not using Kotlin

The most significant issue of Kotlin is that it lacks the same level of support as Java. Developers utilizing Kotlin have fewer libraries to choose from compared to those that utilize Java for their work. Even if this is the case, using Kotlin may lead to better code because of the language’s enhanced terseness. The decision between Scala and Kotlin’s IDEs might also be a problem when deciding on a programming language (Integrated Development Environment). As an example, IntelliJ IDEA plugins for Android Studio now support both languages. Because it is part of the standard Java toolkits, Scala will be easier to implement in terms of compatibility if you use another IDE. Additionally, it has a wider network of users to help out. Using Kotlin for data processing can be beneficial. Static typing and null safety make it easier to write dependable, straightforward code thanks to its concision and readability. Null values may emerge as a result of the interaction between Kotlin and Java; this is handled by Kotlin using null tracking. JetBrains has so far released five Kotlin versions:

This is a list of all the versions of Kotlin.

Version 1.5 of the Kotlin programming language

How may Kotlin be used?

As previously stated, Kotlin runs on the JVM and is fully compatible with Java. Interoperability implies you can use Java in projects where certain sections are developed using Java and others using Kotlin without any difficulties. In fact, Kotlin and Swift, Apple’s new modern programming language for iOS development, work quite a fine side by side. The LLVM programming language, Swift, is implemented in this language. Swift can be found on a wide range of platforms, including iOS, IOS for iPad, iOS for Apple Watch, iOS for Apple TV, Linux, Windows, and macOS. It was launched in 2013 and soon became popular, making it easier for developers to create software that would later be used in apps. With Kotlin, boilerplate code can be reduced because it is an up-to-date language. As a result, it reduces the need to rewrite or create identical code from the beginning. It can take a lot of time and effort to write boilerplate code because it provides only a few functions. This programming language is incredibly easy to learn and has a short learning curve, which means that you can get up to speed quickly. As a result, it’s an excellent alternative for those new to programming or switching from another language like JavaScript, Ruby, or another one like it. There isn’t a lot of support for this combo right now (although Xcode does have rudimentary support built-in), but learning both languages today could give you an advantage over other developers in the future! On the Kotlin Slack, there are already close to 30000 members of the Kotlin community.

Examples of businesses that use Kotlin as a coding dialect

When it comes to finding firms that are actively employing Kotlin, it may be a challenge. In the meanwhile, there are a few examples of this, such as Pinterest (the photo-saving website), Basecamp (a project management platform for enterprises), Square (a startup that provides financial services and digital payments), Corda (a cloud storage service) (is an open-source blockchain project).

It’s safe to say that the number of well-known companies using Kotlin and contributing to its community is only going to increase in the years to come. It’s one to keep an eye on.

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Are Scala and Kotlin the same language?

The advantages of using Kotlin over Scala are numerous because it is a more recent language. Due to Kotlin’s immutability and functional programming paradigm, it does not suffer from the same performance difficulties as Scala. As a result, you don’t have to worry about compromising performance for functionality as you do with Scala when you use Kotlin instead. Another advantage of Kotlin over Scala language is the sheer number of features it provides. There are some differences between Kotlin’s optional type declarations and Scala’s requirement that all variables are declared before they may be used. As a result, the code is easier to read and understand because types aren’t constantly in the way.

How do Scala and Kotlin stack up?

In addition, Kotlin has a slew of contemporary features that Scala lacks. Top-level functions and ranges for looping over collections are among the features that include null-safety, extension functions, lambdas, and object declarations such as data classes (similar to Constructs). However, Scala and Kotlin both provide Null Safety, although to different degrees. When comparing pattern matching in Kotlin vs Scala, it’s easy to see that Kotlin falls short. Using this Scala feature has been lauded by users. As a result, the overloading operator is supported in Kotlin. Depending on the arguments, several implementations of the operator are possible. Operator overloading is supported and used in the Scala programming language. In terms of simplicity, it’s straightforward to say that Kotlin is a less complicated programming language than Scala. That’s because it was built to be compatible with Java. Because it utilizes the same JVM bytecode as Scala, Kotlin may be used with existing Java libraries without causing any compatibility concerns. These are just a few of the reasons why you should choose Kotlin instead of Java or Scala for your next project.

So, Kotlin vs Scala: how do you make a decision?

Now you know why it’s better to program in Kotlin rather than Scala. As a result, it does not necessarily mean that one is superior to the other. It’s just that they’re two separate programming languages, each with its own merits and drawbacks. Which solution is the greatest for you will be determined by your individual needs. For example, Kotlin is the superior choice if you need to leverage current Java libraries. Functional programmers may choose between Scala vs Kotlin because of the language’s more robust support for the functional paradigm. Choosing between Scala vs Java performance for your project is a decision that should be made based on your project’s needs, not based on which language is more popular at the time.