One of the most substantial parts of the world – the Internet, has its application in every bit of the globe. Most of the gadgets and appliances are now getting powered by the ‘Internet of Things,’ which is often abbreviated as ‘IoT’.
However, the Internet of Things is not a simple breakthrough but rather a framework quite complex including multiple technologies that are meant to tandem together.
Since the end of the 20th century, IoT’s magic has been growing on a larger scale. It can now be seen and felt in billions of devices in all kinds of areas, such as farming, commerce, medicine, industry, and lifestyle, to name a few.
The Internet of Things Framework (IoT) can be seen as similar to what an ecosystem looks like, with ample devices connected and communicating with one another over the Internet, usually transferring and identifying data across the Internet with less human intervention.
This is what IoT technologies do, quite seamlessly. No wonder why it is called the ‘Internet of Things’, or, more simply, the framework is known to facilitate the interaction in the ‘Things’ or devices over the internet.
Before heading straight to the best 5 open source IoT frameworks, let’s get to know about some main components of IoT frameworks.
Understanding the Main Components of IoT Frameworks
- Basic knowledge of architecture is required for device hardware components and even users should have an understanding of how different sensors and controllers work.
- For IoT frameworks to function properly, the controller should be configured by including writing applications and then letting them work remotely. To be in line with the same, the basic understanding of working of API inside these micro-controllers along with an idea of making libraries for programming should be understandable to the user.
- IoT application frameworks call for basic knowledge of wireless or wired communication, carried out by the communication and Cloud Platform of IoT frameworks for which users are required to have their basics right about IoT integration and cloud technology working.
- The cloud application in IoT frameworks is defined as the written application that binds not only cloud-based but also every local hardware device. It brings improvisation in the working of the system so that the maximum potential can be realized.
[Also Read: How IoT is transforming the Healthcare Industry]
5 Best Open Source IoT Frameworks
No doubt, an open-source framework is a hands-down solution to many challenges. It considers not only the degrees of scale but also great adaptability levels. Moreover, most of the best IoT frameworks are open to free downloads, installation, and launch.
As there are many open-source IoT frameworks to choose from, let’s get down to the top 5 so that you can go for the one which suits your project perfectly.
- DeviceHive is an open-source IoT framework that is known to be feature-rich, licensed under Apache 2.0 for distribution, and can be used and modified for free. It lets you take the leverage of deployment options for Docker and Kubernetes, download them and use them via the private and public cloud.
Further, it makes it possible over your device data to run machine learning and batch analytics, in addition, it clearly supports libraries such as Android and iOS.
- ThingSpeak is an IoT platform that allows data visualization and analysis in MATLAB, even eliminating the need of buying a license for it. It supports acquiring and storing sensor data through secure channels while also allowing you to share it via public channels.
The applications that work well with it are: Arduino, particle photon and electron, and more. For the most, it is used for location tracking, sensor logging, analysis, and alerts. Further, having a highly valuable community of its own which is quite helpful.
- Zetta is built using REST and NodeJS with the philosophy of reactive programming development with the linkage of Siren hypermedia APIs, known to be a server-oriented platform. Following its abstraction as REST APIs, it can now be connected with cloud services.
Visualization tools are included in these cloud services with the support of Splunk-like machine analytics tools. It allows the creation of a zero-distributed network through the connectivity of endpoints like Arduino hacker boards and Linux besides the platforms like Heroku.
- GE predix was developed by GE by keeping in mind its own operations which later became one of the preferred yet successful enterprise IoT platforms. It is based on the cloud foundry concept and works as a service software platform for industrial IoT.
It comes with predictive analytics, asset management, device security, and data collection supporting diverse data acquisition, storage, and access. Moreover, the recent partnership between HPR and GE makes the future looks astonishingly bright.
- Eclipse is an aggregation platform for applications of M2M that runs on service gateways. It is built with OSGi/java based on the Kura API container. Kura is a type of open-source framework having a base of Eurotech’s everywhere IoT framework with Apache Camel integration.
The Eclipse Smarthome and PAho messaging protocol framework are two of its major sub-projects.
Choose the Open Source IoT Framework that suits the best
If you have reached this section of the blog, then I think you must have got a clear understanding of IoT frameworks’ meaning, their components, and these 5 best IoT frameworks open source. Even if you still find yourself muggling your head about these open-source IoT frameworks or want to go deep into the top IoT trends then you can take the help of IoT service providers or IoT app development companies like Mobcoder, who are passionate to design, develop, and deploy next-generation IoT apps.